Emission and Performance Study of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Preheated Biodiesel from Exhaust Waste Energy

Mr. M. Mourad, Mr. El_Sadek Noureldeen

Abstract


The need for alternative fuel instead of conventional fossil fuels (diesel or gasoline) has recently increased for several reasons, including the expected shortage of petroleum fossil fuels and the production of pollution by transportation. Consequently, researchers are interested in finding new alternative fuels. At present, the number of studies on biodiesel as a compression ignition engine fuel has increased. Current studies are mainly concerned with studying the use of exhaust gas temperature to preheat biodiesel fuel before it enters the combustion chamber. A heat exchanger is designed to increase the temperature of the biodiesel fuel prior to the combustion process. The performance characteristics of diesel engines and the emission of pollutants resulting from this modification were investigated under different operating conditions, including different engine loads and speeds. The results showed clear improvements in engine performance, including improved output power, specific fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. The engine power and specific fuel consumption improvements as a result of preheating reached up to 1.3 % and 8.27 %, respectively. Pollutant emission also decreased obviously, with carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emission decreases of 12.95 % and 12.85 %, respectively. However, the emission of nitrogen oxides increased by 4.39 %.

Full Text:

PDF

References


An H, Yang WM, Maghbouli A, Li J, Chou SK, Chua KJ (2013), “Performance, combustion and emission characteristics of biodiesel derived from waste cooking oils”, Appl Energy, Volume 112, pp. 493–499. 2. M. Mourad, K. Mahmoud (2018), “Performance investigation of passenger vehicle fueled by propanol-gasoline blend according to a city driving cycle”, Energy, Volume 149, pp. 741−749.

Farobie O, Matsumura Y. (2017), “State of the art of biodiesel production under super critical conditions”, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Volume 63, pp. 173−203. 4. M. Mourad, K. Abdelgawwad (2019), “An Experimental Comparative Study of Spark-Ignition Engine Performance and Emission Characteristics Fueled with Various Gasoline-Alcohol Blends”, International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering, Volume 13, Issue 2.

Fattah IMR, Masjuki HH, Kalam MA, Mofijur M, Abedin MJ. (2014), “Effect of antioxidant on the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with palm biodiesel blends”, Energy Conversion Management, Volume 79, pp. 65–72.

Knothe G, Razon L. (2017), “Biodiesel fuels. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science”, Volume 58, pp. 36–59.

Fadhil AB. (2017), “Evaluation of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) seed kernel as a potential feedstock for the production of liquid bio-fuels and activated carbons”, Energy Convers Manage, Volume 133, pp. 307–317.

Yang W, An H, Li J, Duan L. (2015), “Impact of methane addition on the performance of biodiesel fueled diesel engine”, Applied Energy, Volume 160, pp. 784–792.

Tripathi S, Subramanian K. (2017) “Experimental investigation of utilization of Soya soap stock based acid oil biodiesel in an automotive compression ignition engine”, Applied Energy, Volume 198, pp. 332–346.

Hyun KS, Chang SL. (2016) “A review on atomization and exhaust emissions of a biodiesel-fueled compression ignition engine”,Renewable Sustainable Energy Review, Volume 58, pp. 1601−1620.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.