Optimization of Piston with Different Materials Using ANSYS

Hashim sheikh, Ankur Geete


In the present work, optimization of IC engine’s piston with different materials has been done on the model of the piston with actual specifications of a two wheeler vehicle. The modelling has been performed on CATIA V5R12 software and further analyses have been carried out on ANSYS thermal analysis workbench. The expected outcome from this project was to find the thermal load that is minimum temperature and maximum heat flux over the surface and an attempt has been made to minimize the thermal load by optimizing the piston material to get some fruitful advantages. After analyses, it has been found the piston material AL 2024-T4 gives better temperature condition (239.29°C) but poor heat flux (0.39753 W/mm2) so this material is suggested for light or moderate vehicles where material AL 1100-O gives better heat flux (0.47726 W/mm2) but worst temperature condition (305.65°C) so this material is recommended for heavy vehicles.

Full Text:



Ganeshan V., (2017), Internal combustion engines, 4th edition, McGraw Hill Education, New Delhi, India.

Mathur M. L., Sharma R. P., (2010), Internal combustion engine, 3rd edition, Dhanpath Rai Publication, New Delhi, India, pp.1010. ISBN: 9788189928469.

Heywood J., (2017), Internal combustion engine fundamentals, 2nd edition, McGraw Hill Education, New Delhi, India, Pp. 930.

Bhagat, A. R., & Jibhakate, Y. M. (2012). Thermal Analysis and Optimization of IC Engine Piston using finite element method. Gas, 2, 6207-6216.

Jalaludin, H. A., Abdullah, S., Ghazali, M. J., Abdullah, B., Abdullah, N. R., (2013), Experimental Study of Ceramic Coated Piston Crown For Compressed Natural Gas Direct Injection Engines, Procedia Engineering, Volume 68, pp:505-511.

Singh, R. C., Lal, R., Ranganath, M. S., & Chaudhary, R. (2014). Failure of piston in IC engines: A review. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, 4(9), 1-10.

Viswabharathy, P., Jeyakumar, N., Vairamuthu, (2014), “A Design and Analysis of Piston in Internal Combustion Engine Using ANN”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Volume 4, Issue 11, pp: 60-64.

Mahajan, K. S., & Deshmukh, S. H. (2016). Structural and Thermal Analysis of Piston. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology E-ISSN, 2277-4106.

Junju, V., Mallikarjun, M. V., & Mamilla, V. R. (2012). Thermo mechanical analysis of diesel engine piston using ceramic crown. International Journal of Emerging trends in Engineering and Development, 5(2), 22-29.

Yonushonis, T. M. (1997). Overview of thermal barrier coatings in diesel engines. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 6(1), 50-56.


  • There are currently no refbacks.