Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Performance analysis of 2D PC Resonant Cavity based Demultiplexer for CWDM Applications

VENKATACHALAM K, Robinson S., Reenu Priya

Abstract


In this paper, four port Photonic Crystal Resonant Cavity based different demultiplexers by varying radius and by altering the refractive index of rods in resonant cavities are proposed for CWDM applications. The proposed structure has bus waveguide, dropping waveguide and four resonant cavities in each demultiplexer. The performance parameters of demultiplexer such as transmission efficiency, spectral width, channel spacing, quality factor and resonant wavelength are analyzed. The first structure can able to drop four different channels which are centered at 1499 nm, 1501.7 nm, 1504.2 nm and 1506.1 nm by altering the refractive index of rods in resonant cavities. The second structure can able to drop four different channels which are centered at 1595 nm, 1600nm, 1610 nm and 1615nm by altering the radius of rods in resonant cavities.  The Plane Wave Expansion method is used to get band gap of the photonic structure. The 2D Finite Difference Time Domain method is utilized to compute the normalized transmission spectra of the demultiplexer.


Full Text:

PDF

References


John D. Joannopoulos, Steven G. Johnson, Joshua N. Winn and Robert D. Meade (2014 ), “Photonic crystals modeling the flow of light”, Available at:

http://ab-initio.mit.edu/book/photonic-crystals-book.pdf.

Ali Rostami, Fakhroddin Nazari, Hamed Alipour-Banaei, H. Habibiyan and Ali Bahrami (2009), “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure”, J of Photonics and Nano Stru-Fundamentals and App., Shanghai, China, Volume 7630, Available at: DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.photonics.2009.12.002.

Ali Rostami, Hamed Alipour Banaei, Fakhroddin Nazari and Ali Bahrami (2011), “An ultra compact photonic crystal wavelength division demultiplexer using resonance in a modified Y-branch structure”, J. of Optik, Volume 122, Issue 16, pp.1481-1485, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2010.05.036.

L.Li, G.Q.Liu and H.D.Lua (2013), “A Y-branch demultiplexer Based on kagome lattice photonic crystals”, Journal of Optik, Volume 124, Issue 17, pp.2913-2915, Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2012.08.089.

Ali Rostami, Hamed Alipour Banaei, Fakhroddin Nazari and Ali Bahrami (2009), “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using resonance cavity in photonic crystal structure’, J. of OSA, Vol.7630, pp.1-9, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.851965.

T.Saranya, S.Robinson and K.VijayaShanthi (2014), “Design and simulation of two dimensional photonic crystal ring resonator based four port wavelength demultiplexer”, Int. J. of Inno. Sci. Eng. and Tech., Volume 1, Issue 2, pp. 255-261, ISSN: 2348-7968.

Hamed Alipour-Banaei, Farhad Mehdizadeh and Somaye Serajmohammadi (2013), “A novel 4-channel demultiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonators”, J. of Optik, Volume 124, Issue 23, pp. 5964-5967, Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2013.04.117.

HamedAlipour-Banaei, Farhad Mehdizadeh and Mahdi Hassangholizadeh-Kashtiban (2013), “A novel proposal for all optical phc-based demultiplexers suitable for DWDM applications”, J. of Opt. Quant. Electron, Issue 10.

Bouamami and Rafah Naoum (2012), “Compact WDM demultiplexer for seven channels in photonic crystal”, J. of Optik, Volume 124, Issue 16, pp. 2373–2375, Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2012.08.008.

Dinesh Bhatia and Nikhil Deep Gupta (2014), “Design of different demultiplexers for wavelength division multiplexing systems based on photonic crystal waveguide”, Int. J. of Inno. Res. In Comput. And Comm. Eng., Volume 2, Issue 2, pp. 3001-3014, ISSN: 2320-9801.

Farhad Mehdizadeh and Mohammad Soroosh (2015), “A new proposal for eight-channel optical demultiplexer based on photonic crystal resonant cavities”, Photon NetwCommun, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 65-70, Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-015-0531-1.

Mohammad Reza Rakhshani, Mohammad Ali Mansouri-Birjandi and Zohreh Rashki (2013), “Design of six channel demultiplexer by heterostructure photonic crystal resonant cavity”, Int. Res. J. of Appl. and Basic Sci., Volume 4, Issue 4, pp.976-984, ISSN: 2251-838X .

Farhad Mehdizadeh, Mohammad Soroosh and HamedAlipour-Banaeib (2015), “An optical demultiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonators”, Optik, Volume 127, Issue 20, pp. 8706–8709, Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2016.06.086.

Hadi Ghorbanpour and Somaye Makouei (2013), “2-Channel All optical demultiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonator”, Frontiers of Optoelectronics, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp. 224-227, Available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12200-013-0322-1.

Mohammad Ali Mansouri-Birjandi and Mohammad Reza Rakhshani (2013), “A new design of tunable four port wavelength d multiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonator”, Journal of Optik, Volume 128, Issue 23, pp. 5923-5926, Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2013.04.128.

Mohammad Reza Rakhshani and Mohammad Ali Mansouri-Birjandi (2013), “Design and simulation of demultiplexer based on heterostructure photonic crystal ring resonator”, J. of Physica E. Low-dimensional Sys. and Nanostruc., Volume 50, pp. 97-101, Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2013.03.003.

Mohammad Reza Rakhshani and Mohammad Ali Mansouri-Birjandi (2013), “Wavelength demultiplexer using heterostructure ring resonators in triangular photonic crystals”, J. of Telkomnika, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp. 1721-1724, e-ISSN: 2087-278X.

Azliza J. M. Adnan, Sahbudin Shaaril, R. Mohamad, Zainuddin Lambak and W.Y. Chan (2010), “Photonic crystal 1310/1490/1550 nm demultiplexer”, J. of OSA, pp. 1-2, DOI: 10.1109/CLEOPR.2007.4391268.

M.R Rakhshani and M.A. Mansouri-Birjandi (2014), “Design and simulation of four-channel wavelength demutiplexer based on photonic crystal circular ring resonators for optical communications”, J. of Opt. Comm., Volume 35, Issue 1, pp. 9-15, Available at https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2013-0022.

Venkatachalam Kannaiyan, Sriram Kumar Dhamodharan and Robinson Savarimuthu (2016), “Investigation on modified quasi-square PCRR based demultiplexer for WDM applications”, Opt. Quant. Electron., Volume 48, Issue 8, DOI: 10.1007/s11082-016-0666-z.

Venkatachalam Rajarajan Balaji, Mahalingam Murugan and Savarimuthu Robinson, “Designing of 4-channel drop filter based on square resonant nanocavity”, Int. J. of Adv. Eng. Tech., Vol.7, Issue 2, pp. 1133-1137, e-ISSN: 0976-3945.

Zhen Hu and Yay An Lu (2014), “Compact wavelength demultipexer via photonic crystal multimode resonators”, J. of OSA, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp. 2330-2333, Available at https://doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.31.002330.

Robinson Savarimuthu and Nakkeeran Rangaswamy (2011), “Photonic crystal ring resonator based add–drop filter using hexagonal rods for CWDM systems”, Optoelectron. Lett., Volume 7, issue 3, pp. 0164-0166, DOI: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11801-011-0172-2.

Robinson Savarimuthu and Nakkeeran Rangaswamy (2012), “Investigation on two dimensional photonic crystal resonant cavity based bandpass filter”, Optik, Volume 123,

Issue 5, pp.451-457, Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2011.05.004.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.