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Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding the Risk of Health Hazards in Under-Five Children of Smoking Fathers due to Second Hand Smoke [SHS] Among Parents of Under-Five children at Horohalli, Bangalore, Karnataka: A Pre-Experimental Study

Wincy Thirumurugan


Background: Children's exposure to Second-hand smoke (SHS) is associated with range of health hazards in children especially Parental smoking. It accounts for 0.9 million deaths and 24 million disability annually. Nearly 30% of adults in India are exposed to SHS in India. Objectives: The objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme [STP]on knowledge regarding the risk of health hazards in under-five children of smoking fathers due to Second Hand smoke [SHS] and educating them. Methodology: An evaluative quantitative approach with pre -experimental one group pre and post-test research design was adapted. The sample size was 60, simple random (lottery method) sampling is done. Data was collected through self-administered structured knowledge questionnaire with 40 MCQ items. Results: The computed ‘z’-test value inferred the significant mean difference (x̅1=10.52) and (x̅2=17.18) (z59=2.0< z=5.5, at 0.05 level of significance), hence Null hypothesis (H0) was rejected. chi square test[x2] score revealed the significant association between the pre-test knowledge score with Age (df-9= 16.92 > x2 = 11.29), family Type (df-6=12.59> x2 =8.60), father’s Education (df-9=16.92 > x2 = 4.83), and Mother’s Education (df-9=16.92 > x2 =5.33) (p>0.05) at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: The study insists the importance of smoke free environment for rearing healthy children.

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