Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

A Review of Organic Waste Generation and Its Management with Different Techniques

R. N. Patil, Kajal Pustode, Sayali Narse, Shraddha Yeole, Manisha Kalsait, Pragati Dakhole


The waste management is one of the major problems of developing countries like India. In olden days, the disposal of solid wastes did not pose a significant problem, because of the small population and the availability of large amount of land. The population rate of developing countries is very high and with growing population problem of waste disposal has been intensified. The municipal authorities find difficult to manage the solid waste particularly the organic waste due to its large quantity. India is a religious country and having more than 2 million of Hindu temples, 3 lacks of mosques, more than 400 Gurudwaras etc. The study shows more than 2.5 million religious places which generate tones of organic waste on daily basis which includes flowers, leaves, etc. This research study is an attempt to give a new approach for the management of organic material waste by extracting essence from the green waste by the plant extraction process (Hot Fermentation and Cold Fermentation). These processes results in economic utilization of waste as a resource and obtain the products having marketable value providing employment and profit.

Full Text:



Agarwal A et al. Municipal solid waste recycling and associated markets in Delhi, India. Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2005; 44(1):73-90.

Akolkar A.B. Status of Solid Waste Management in India, Implementation Status of Municipal Solid Wastes, Management and Handling Rules 2000, Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi, 2005.

Asnani PU. Solid Waste Management, Urban Infrastructure, India Infrastructure, 2006, 160-183.

CPCB. Status of Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Collection Treatment, and Disposal in Class 1 Cities, Central Pollution Control Board, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi, 2000.

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Management of Municipal Solid Waste. Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi, India, 2004.

Gupta PK et al. Methane and Nitrous Oxide Emission from Bovine Manure Management Practices in India. Journal of Environmental Pollution. 2007; 146(1):219-224.

Kansal A. Solid waste management strategies for India Indian Journal of Environmental Protection.

E.O. and Williams, A. et al. (1989), A preliminary study of medical waste management in Lagos metropolis, Nigeria. Iranian Journal of Environment Health, Science and Engineering 3(2):133-139.

Friends of earth et al. (2005) ̳The way forward on Bio waste: friends of the earth‘s policy position on biodegradable municipal waste.‘

NEERI (1995) et al. „Strategy Paper on SWM in India‟ National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur.

Mussatto, S I; Teixeira, J.A et al.; use of agro-industrial wastes in solid state fermentation process and waste 2012.

Dr. Debasish Kundu et al., Cohobation in spagyrics or electro Homeopathy, International journal of Homeopathy and natural medicines.

Ali Talati, Shiraz University of medical sciences, Iran, Stem Cell and Transgenic Technology Research Centre, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.18744.3456402/2017.

Gurav, M.V and Pathade, G.R. (2010), Production of Vermicompost from Temple Waste (Nirmalya): A Case Study, University Journal of Environmental Research and Technology, 2, 182-192.

Shekdar, A.V. (2009), Sustainable solid waste management: An integrated approach for Asian countries. Waste Management, 29, 1438-1448.


  • There are currently no refbacks.