Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Effectiveness of Coconut Oil Massage in Terms of Sleep Pattern among Preterm, Low Birth Weight Babies

Nirupam Nisha Sahu


WHO estimated that globally about 17% of all live births are of low birth weight babies. The incidence of low birth weight in India is 3040% of all births. Out of this, 810% are preterm and 2030% is small for date. Low birth weight and prematurity is major contributor to infant mortality rate in India. These babies have major physiological handicaps and, therefore, are ill equipped for normal life. Expert and skilled care is required for these babies to have hope for normal life. Aim: A study to assess the effectiveness of coconut oil massage in terms of sleep pattern among preterm, Low birth weight babies in selected areas of Bhilai, Chhattisgarh. Results: The mean posttest sleep pattern score (21.7) was apparently higher than the pretest sleep pattern score (19.55). The mean difference (2.15), S.D. (+2.91) and computed “t” value (4.61) at the level of 0.001 showed that highly significant difference between the pretest and posttest sleep pattern scores. The mean gain in sleep pattern score of experimental group (3.25) was apparently higher than the mean gain in sleep pattern score of control group (2.1). The mean difference (1.15), S.D. (+2.32) and computed “t” value (1.61) at the level of 0.001 showed that there is no significant difference between the gain scores in sleep pattern. Conclusion: The present study shows significant increase in sleep pattern of low birth weight babies after coconut oil massage in experimental group than control group. Thus, it is concluded that the coconut oil massage was an effective intervention in improving the sleep pattern of low birth weight babies.

Full Text:



Basavanthappa, BT (2003), “Nursing research”, (1st Ed). Jaypee Brother Publication, New Delhi.

Dutta P, “Pediatric nursing”, Jaypee Publication (1st ed.), pp. 215-223.

Ghai OP (2005). “Ghai essential pediatrics”, (6th ed.) Published by Dr. Ghai Delhi, pp. 155-159.

Kothari CR (2006), “Research methodology”, (2nd ed.) New Age International (P Ltd) Publishers, New Delhi.

Polit DF, Hungler BP (1999), “Nursing research principles and methods”, (6th ed.) Lippincott Publication, Philadelphia.

Parthasarathy A (2006), “IAP Text book of pediatric nursing”, (3rd ed.) Jaypee, New Delhi, pp. 58-62.

Singh Meharban (2004), “Care of the newborn”, (5th ed.) Sagar publication,

Field T (Dec 2006), “Infant behavioral development”, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp. 574-578.

Massaro AN (May 2009), Journal of Perinatal, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp. 352-357.

Sridhar K (June 2002), Indian Journal of Pediatric, Volume 69, Issue 6, pp. 485-488.

Wheeden A (Oct. 1993), Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatric, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp. 318-322.


  • There are currently no refbacks.