Energy, Exergy analysis and comparison of conventional multiple effect evaporation and pressure driven membrane distillation plus evaporation process in Indian sugar industry.

Dr. Shrikant Manohar Bapat


Sugarcane juice concentration by evaporation is an energy intensive process in conventional sugar factories. In the present scenario since energy conservation and economy is of prime importance, low energy consuming processes such as membrane technologies save large amounts of energy due to the absence of change in phase. The present work elaborates the benefits of replacing the conventional evaporation system with membrane distillation plus evaporation process both from energy and exergy point of view. A sugar manufacturing facility’s statistics is used from beyond literature. The analyses display fine consequences for substitution co-green in phrases of strength and for sustainability index in terms of exergy. If the evaporation station within the present sugar factories is changed via the proposed membrane distillation plus evaporation system, it would result in widespread advantages in terms of efficiency and environment.

Full Text:



Adriano V. Ensinas, Silvia A. Nebra, Miguel A. Lozano, and Luis M. Serra, (2007) ‘Analysis of process steam demand reduction and electricity generation in sugar and ethanol production from sugarcane’, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.48, pp. 2978-2987.

Adrian Bejan, (2002) ‘Fundamentals of exergy analysis, entropy generation minimization and the generation of flow architecture’, International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.26, pp.545-565.

A.E. Lewis, F. Khodabocus, V. Dhokun, and M. Khalife, (2010) ‘Thermodynamic simulation and evaluation of sugar refinery evaporators using a steady state modeling approach’, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol.30, pp.2180-2186.

Balakrishnam, M. Dua, M. and Bhagat, J.J. (2000) ‘Evaluation of ultra-filtration for juice purification in-plantation white sugar manufacture’, International Sugar Journal, Vol.12, pp.21-24.

Balkan F., Colak N., Hepbasli A., (2005) ‘Performance evaluation of a triple effect evaporator with forward feed using exergy analysis’ , International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 29, pp.455-470.

Bejan A., (1988), ‘Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics’, Wiley, New-York.

Coskun C., Oktay Z., Dincer I., (2011), ‘ Investigations of some renewable energy and exergy parameters for two Geothermal District Heating systems’, International Journal of Exergy, Vol. 8, pp.1-15.

Dincer, I. and Rosen, M. A. (2007) ‘Exergy: Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development’, First Edition. Elsevier Science Publications, Amsterdam.

Durmus Kaya, and H. Ibrahim Sarac, (2007) ‘Mathematical modeling of multiple effect evaporators and energy economy’, Energy, Vol.32, pp.1536-1542.

Ghosh, A. M. and Balakrishnan, M. (2003) ‘Pilot demonstration of sugarcane juice ultra-filtration in an Indian sugar industry’, Journal of Food Engineering, Vol.58, pp.143-150.

Hugot, E. (1986) ‘Handbook of Cane Sugar Engineering’, 3rd edition, Elsevier science publishing Company, Amsterdam.

J. Raghu Ram, and Rangan Banerjee, (2003), ‘Energy and cogenerating targeting for a sugar factory’, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol.23, pp.1567-1575.

Kshihara, S. Fujii, S. and Komoto, M. (1981) ‘Ultra-filtration of cane juice: influence of flux and quality of permeate’, International Sugar Journal, Vol.83, pp.5-39.

L.M.M. George, A.R. Rihetto, P.A. Polli, O.A.A. Santos, and R. Maciel Filho, (2010) ‘Simulation and analysis of a sugarcane juice evaporation system’, Journal of Food Engineering, Vol.99, pp.351-359.

M. Higa, A.J. Freitas, A.C. Bannwart, and R.J. Zemp, (2009) ‘Thermal integration of multiple effect evaporator in sugar plant’, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol.29, pp. 515-522.

M.A. Rosen, (1999) ‘Second law analysis: Approaches and implications’, International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.23, pp.415-429.

Nene, S. Kaur, S. Sumod, K. Joshi, B. and Raghavrao, K.S.M.S. (2002) ‘Membrane distillation for the concentration of raw cane sugar syrup and membrane clarified sugarcane juice’, Desalination, Vol.147, pp.157-160.

Pacheco C. R. F., Frioni, Cezar C.A., Song T.W., (1999) ‘ Effect of the solute concentration on the performance of the evaporators’, Chemical Engineering process, Vol 38, pp. 109-119.

Peter Rein (2007), Cane Sugar Engineering, Verlas Dr. Albert Bartens: KG- Berlin.

R. Molinari, R. Gagliardi, and E. Drioli, (1995) ‘Methodology for estimating saving of primary energy with membrane operations in industrial processes’, Desalination, Vol.100, pp. 125-137.

R. F. Madsen, (1973) ‘Application of ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis to cane juice’, International Sugar Journal, Vol.75, pp.163- 167.

Saeed Gul, and Micheal Harasek, (2012) ‘Energy saving in sugar manufacturing through the integration of environmentally friendly new membrane processes for thin juice pre-concentration’, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol.43, pp.128-133.

S. M. Bapat, V. S. Majali, and G. Ravindranath, (2012) ‘Exergetic evaluation and comparison of quintuple effect evaporation units in Indian sugar industries’, International Journal of Energy Research, Vol 37, pp.1415-1427.

S. S. Madaeni, and S. Zereshki, (2010) ‘Energy consumption for sugar manufacturing Part I: Evaporation versus reverse osmosis’, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.51, pp.1270-1276.

Urbaniec, K., Zalewski, P. and Zhu, X.X. (2000) ‘A decomposition approach for retrofit design of energy systems in the sugar industry’, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol.20, pp.1431-1442.

Van Gool, W., (1997). Energy policy: fairy tales and factualities. In Innovation and technology. Strategies and policies , Soares ODD, Martins da Cruz A, Costa Pereira G, Soares IMRT, Reis AJPS (eds.). Kluver: Dordrecht; pp. 93-105

Yilmaz, M., Sara, O.N., Karsli, S., (2001) ‘Performance evaluation criteria for heat exchangers based on second law analysis’, Exergy, an International Journal, Vol1, pp.278-294.


  • There are currently no refbacks.