Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Failure Analysis of Motorbike Brake Disc Due To Thermal Loading Review

Mr. Avinash G. Patil, Mr. Bhuhan N. Ghodake, Mr. Ganesh G. Patil


Fatigue fracture is the fundamental reason for failure of engineering components it is cause by growth of initial crack and its propagation at micro structural level under thermal cyclic loading. A complex combination of thermo –mechanical loading subjected to component for crack initiation and growth by thermal fatigue. A certain number of motorbike disc shown the presence of small crack only after few thousand miles. This study focus on the evaluation of a surface crack in a stainless steel specimen expose to thermo-mechanical loading inducing a thermal gradient in the thickness. The thermo- mechanical modal is proposed in this study having initial crack under mode-I under thermal cyclic loading both in plane stress and in plane strain condition. A FEM analysis was performed to determine the temperature & stress distribution in disc during braking. Experimental facilities used for generating heating and cooling cycle.

Full Text:



Gardin C, Le HN, Benoit G, Bertheau D.,”Crack growth under thermal cyclic loading in a 304L stainless steel – experimental investigation and numerical prediction”, Int J Fatigue,32,1650–57, 2010.

M. Madia, S. Beretta, M. Schodel, U. Zerbst, M. Luke, I. Varfolomeev, “Stress intensity factor solutions for cracks in railway axles”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 78,764–792, 2011.

Raju Sethuraman,G. Siva Sankara Reddy, I. Thanga Ilango,”Analyzing the mechanisms of fatigue crack initiation and propagation in CRH EMU brake discs”, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 80 ,43–859,2003.

S. Courtin, C. Gardin, G. Be´zine, H. Ben Hadj Hamouda ,”Advantages of the J-integral approach for calculating stress intensity factors when using the commercial finite element software ABAQUS“,Engineering Fracture Mechanics,72, 2174–2185,2005.

Hoai Nam Le, C. Gardin, “Analytical prediction of crack propagation under thermal cyclic loading inducing a thermal gradient in the specimen thickness – Comparison with experiments and numerical approach “, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 78, 638–652, 2011.

Igor Varfolomeev, Michael Luke, Sergii Moroz,”Experimental and Numerical Investigations of Fatigue Crack Growth in Various specimen Geometries, Procedia Engineering, 2, 1829–1837, 2010.

M. Boniardi , F. D_Errico , C. Tagliabue , G. Gotti , G. Perricone ,”Failure analysis of a motorcycle brake disc”, Engineering Failure Analysis, 13, 933–945,2006.

M.Collignon, A-.Cristol, P.Dufre´noy, Y.Desplanques, D.Balloy,"Failure of truck brake discs: A coupled numerical–experimental approach to identifying critical thermomechanical loadings”Tribology International 59, 114–120, 2013.

Johan Lansinger, Thomas Hansson, Olle Clevfors ,”Fatigue crack growth under combined thermal cycling and mechanical loading “,International Journal of Fatigue ,29 , 1383–1390,2007.

K. Vor, C. Sarrazin-Baudoux, C. Gardin and J. Petit, “Wake history effect on closure of short and long fatigue crack in 304L stainless steel “, Procedia Engineering, 2, 2327–2336,2010.


  • There are currently no refbacks.