Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Role of Brahmaputra Valley in Population Distribution in North Eastern States

Gaurab Das Mahapatra, Sudeshna Chakraborty


Brahmaputra river has ironically been both a ‘boon and bane’ for the north eastern part of India. Brahmaputra’s immense natural potential has provided life and fodder for generations. On the other hand, Brahmaputra’s periodic raging form forces a number of families in Brahmaputra basin to change their place of permanent residence almost every year. Taking Brahmaputra Valley as a case, the impact of a river (and it basin) on the neighbouring spatial extent is discussed in this paper. The historic linkage of Brahmaputra with the North East India forms the basis of this paper. The geographic impact of Brahmaputra is also discussed keeping in mind the socio-political factors. This paper also puts focus on the major problems caused by Brahmaputra in the North East India and implication of the same on the demographic profile. The environmental conditions thus created by the river are a concern of utmost interest, especially to the development authorities which bear the responsibility of ensuring a balanced and sustainable growth to its citizens. The paper finally discusses the major factors responsible for the population distribution in north eastern states due to Brahmaputra Valley. These factors are namely natural course, natural disasters, socio-cultural factors, institutional mechanism and land use pressure. The aim of this paper is to understand the factors responsible for population distribution due to the presence of an important source of life . . .  WATER.

Full Text:



Ahmed, N. (2015). Encyclopaedia Britannica : Brahmaputra River. Retrieved 11 16, 2015, from

Department of Water Resources Development and Management, I.-R. (2012). STUDY OF BRAHMAPUTRA RIVER EROSION AND ITS CONTROL. New Delhi: National Disaster Management Authority of India.

Hofer, T. (2006). What are the impacts of deforestation in the Himalayas on flooding in the lowlands? Rethinking an old paradigm. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) .

Hussain, N. (2011). Water: The New Dimension in India-China Relations. Centre for Development and Peace Studies.

Mahapatra, G. D., Mishra, P., & Goray, N. (2015). Water : Its journey as an important design tool. Architecture : Time,Space and people .

Ministry of Home Affairs, G. o. (2011). Cenus of India. Retrieved 11 15, 2015, from

Singh, M. A. (2009). A Study on Illegal Immigration into North-East India: The Case of Nagaland (1st ed.). New Delhi: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.

WRIS. (2015). WRIS. Retrieved 11 12, 2015, from www.india-


  • There are currently no refbacks.