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Buildings Configuration & Site Planning Effect on the Microclimate & Comfort Level in Hot-Dry Climates

Akeel Noori Almulla Hwaish


Building site treatments and design can enhance the microclimate ‎of the building and in turn have profound impact on the indoor thermal ‎comfort of the spaces, taking advantage of the topographical and natural features, adjacent ‎buildings and vegetation for solar obstruction. Good site layout can also take greater ‎advantage of local breezes by the formation of air tunnels and also aid natural ‎ventilation by staggering of the building layout or optimum location within a complex of ‎buildings. Existing of water element and vegetation on the site can also contribute for natural ‎cooling. Proper site planning also can reduce cooling need by optimizing natural solar ‎obstructions and air movement. Certain buildings layouts planning and landscape proper design within a site can enhance ‎natural ventilation and built environment microclimate. This study concerns how suitable ‎siting of the buildings can help providing good comfort conditions within the building as well as ‎reducing energy costs to a large extent. ‎

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- / Part 2. Natural Energy and Vernacular Architecture


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