Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Groundwater Recharge Estimation- A Case Study in Chennai City

A. Jebamalar, Sowmya SK, Ravikumar G


As groundwater is most commonly used for domestic purposes in urban areas, it is being overused without any limit resulting in decline of groundwater levels. The groundwater levels can be improved by artificial recharge method such as Rainwater Harvesting (RWH). Rainwater harvesting is a procedure of group and storage of rainwater into ordinary reservoirs or it can be refreshed into sub surface aquifers. This study aims to assess the variation of groundwater levels during recent years (2011-2018) by using the data collected from “Chennai Metro Water Supply and Sewerage Board”. Chennai city of Tamil Nadu is taken for study. The temporal and spatial distribution of water levels was studied. Change in storage and recharge for the study area is been calculated from the water level, specific yield and area of influence by using “Groundwater Estimation Committee (GEC) norms”.

Full Text:



Arun Kumar Dwivedi, Virendra. B. Patil, and Amol B. Karankal, “Rooftop rainwater harvesting for groundwater recharge in an educational complex”, Global journal of researches in engineering civil and structural engineering, Vol. 13, Issue 1, 2013.

Bhatt, V.K., Tiwari, A.K., Yadav, R.P. and Sena, D.R. “Augmenting groundwater recharge by water harvesting structures (WHS) in northwest India”, Hydrology Journal, Vol. 35, Issue 1 & 2, pp. 1-10, January-June 2012.

Central Ground Water Board (CGWB), Manual on Artificial recharge of Ground water, Ministry of water Resources, Government of India, 2007.

Jebamalar, A., and Ravikumar, G. “A comparative analysis of hydrologic responses to rainwater harvesting- a case study”, Indian journal of science and technology”, Vol. 4, No. 1, Jan 2011.

Julius, J. R., Angeline Prabhavathy, R., Ravikumar, G. “Evaluating the impact of rain water harvesting in pazhayar watershed”, International Journal of Research in Engineering & Advanced Technology, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp. 1-14, April-May, 2013.

Pawar C. B., Patil S. S. and Pawar R. P. “A case study of rooftop rainwater harvesting of Renavi village in Sangli District of Western Maharashtra: New approach of watershed development in India”, African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 9(25), pp. 1941-1947, 19 June, 2014.

Pradeep Kumar, G.N. and Srinivas, P. “ Estimation of groundwater resources in a basin – A case study”, Indian Geological Society, Guntur, India, pp 590-594, 2009.

Ravikumar, G., Shahidar, T., Krishnaveni, M. and Karunakaran, K. “GIS based Ground water quantity assessment model, Centre for water resources”, CWR, Anna University, Chennai-25, 2005.


  • There are currently no refbacks.